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History of automobile development Jul 12, 2018

History of automobile development

In the fifteenth century, Leonardo da Vinci designed a clockwork-driven vehicle in an unconfirmed era.

In 1620, the Italian Blanca invented the "counter-attack turbine steam turbine" to drive the wheeled car.

In 1649, the German watchmaker Hans Haugh Hill, according to Da Vinci's design, made a car driven by a clockwork.

In 1670, the Dutch physicist Huygens used gunpowder to burn in the cylinder, and the thermal expansion promoted the piston movement, forming the working principle of the modern "internal combustion engine" 

In 1766, the British inventor James Watt improved the steam engine and opened the curtain of the first industrial revolution.

In 1672, the Jesuit monk Nan Huairen designed a car with steam as the source of power. At that time, Emperor Kangxi of China was a toy car of 65 cm long, unable to carry people or drivers , Uncertainly designed vehicles were later successfully produced , which may be the earliest designed cars.

In 1769, French Army engineer Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot built the first steam-powered car. Due to the failure of the steering system during the test run, it hit the wall of the São Paulo factory and it was the first motor vehicle accident in the world. 

In 1771, Nikolai Joseph Nuova improved the steam car at speeds of up to 9.5 kilometers and towed 4 to 5 tons of cargo.

In 1794, the British Speight first proposed the idea of mixing fuel and air into a mixed gas for combustion.

In 1796, the Italian scientist Waltz invented the world's first battery, the invention brought a historic turn for the birth and development of the car.

In 1801, the Frenchman Philippe Le Pen proposed the principle of a gas engine.

In 1803, the British engineer Richard Trevisik used a new high-pressure steam engine, which can take 8 people and average speed of 13 kilometers per hour. Since then, the steam-powered car has begun to be used in practice.

In 1838, the British inventor Hennet invented the world's first internal combustion engine ignition device. The invention was called "a revolution in the history of world automobile development".

In 1842, American Charlie Goodyear invented vulcanized rubber tires.

In 1859, the French physicist Plant, invented the lead storage battery, which created conditions for the car's electricity use, and was called "a far-reaching invention."

In 1860, French electrical engineer Etienne Reynolds made the first gas engine to ignite gas with electric sparks.

In 1862, French engineer Etienne Reynolds invented a two-stroke horizontal internal combustion engine using natural gas . Rosace published a four-stroke theory.

In 1867, German engineer Nikoros Otto (1832--1891) developed the world's first reciprocating piston four-stroke gas engine.

In 1876, Otto made a three-cylinder internal combustion engine with a single cylinder and a compression ratio of 2.5.

In 1885, this was the moment when the real modern car was born. This year, German engineer Carl Benz was built in Mannheim as a tricycle with a 0.85 hp gasoline engine. This car with an internal combustion engine is considered to be the real first car in the world because it is the first car that is really powered by gasoline, not a steam engine.

In 1886, the Mannheim Patent Office approved Karl Benz's patent for a three-wheeled vehicle that was successfully developed in 1885. This day was called the birth date of Hyundai Motor by most people. The following year, German Gottlieb Daimler made the world's first four-wheeled car [10]. After that, Otto gave up the patent for the four-stroke engine that he had obtained, and anyone can make it as needed.

On January 29, 1886, Carl Benz received the world's first automotive engine patent [12] [10]. In July of the same year, the world's first four-wheeled vehicle was officially sold .

In 1888, the French bicycle merchant Emile Roger was licensed by Karl Benz to start producing commercial vehicles.

In 1893, Rudolf Diesel also made a diesel four-stroke engine, the world's first diesel engine. The air is intensely compressed by the piston during the compression stroke to generate a high temperature, after which the fuel is injected into the cylinder and spontaneous combustion occurs.

In 1895, Carl Benz launched the first passenger car, Benz-Omnibus, to provide passenger service for the first time.

In 1899, Louis Reynolds mass-produced its first four-door car, and in the same year acquired a turbocharged patent. For the first time in the UK, the Mark 沁 machine gun was loaded onto the car.